Hadron Spectrum during Cosmic Microwave Evolution

H. H. Jiang, Ramangadev Kapur, Y. Li
Comments: 17 pages, 3 figures, 4 tables

We study the Hadron spectrum during the cosmic microwave evolution (CME), in which the temperature of the Universe is constantly varying in the vicinity of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the temperature of a given region of the Universe is always changing. We use the CME data to derive the cosmological constant for the CMB and it is shown that the Hadron spectrum typically changes during the CME, with a change in the Hadron spectrum of the order of the CMB temperature. The Hadron spectrum is sensitive to the amplitude of the mode, and it is shown that the Hadron spectrum can be excited by the mode, or it can be suppressed by the mode. The suppressed mode is expected to be responsible for the suppression of the Hadron spectrum. The Hadron spectrum is determined by the scene in the early Universe, and the spectral index (SI), which is the index of the spectral density of the Hadron spectrum, becomes larger or smaller during the CME. The contribution from the suppressed mode can be quantified in terms of the spectral index, and the Hadron spectrum can be suppressed if the spectral index is proportional to 1. Our results indicate that the Hadron spectrum during the CME should be quantified in terms of the spectral index and the spectral index should be proportional to 1.